After we went to the Peace Park, we headed up to Shurijo Castle. Shurijo Castle was the central structure for the Ryukyu Kingdom for 500 years and was the center for politics, foreign affairs and culture. Shurijo was completely destroyed when the southeast end of the island was bombed during WWII in 1945. During the fighting, Japanese forces were fled the castle, and the soldiers were forced to the southern cliffs where most jumped to their deaths rather than surrender. The castle was restored in 1992.